Bougainville is an Autonomous Region within the independent Nation of Papua New Guinea.
Bougainville has a long history of trying to breakaway from Papua New Guinea since the 1970’s.
In 1975 it declared Unilateral Declaration for Independence on September First 1975 just 15 days away from Papua New Guinea’s Independence on September 16th 1975.
To make Bougainville happy PNG established the Provincial Government system in 1976, Bougainville became North Solomons Province with its own Provincial Government.
And when the Bougainville conflict broke out again over grievances over the distribution of Benefits from the Panguna mine it again declared another UDI on May 17th 1990.
After so many agreements to stop the conflict, a Bougainville Peace Agreement was finally signed on August 30th, 2001.
This then led to the Establishment of the Bougainville Autonomous Government on June 15th, 2005.
Between 2015 and 2020 Bougainville will go for a Referendum to decide the final status of the region.
Since the establishment of the Autonomous Bougainville Government,in 2005 there have been three Presidents.
The first President, JOSEPH C KABUI was President from June 15th 2005 to June 8th 2008 when he died.
Second President, JAMES TANIS came in 2009 through a By Election.
He lost two the current President, DR. JOHN MOMIS who won in the June 2010 ABG General Election.
Bougainville has four Members in the Papua New Guinea National Parliament.
They are the Regional Member, JOE LERA.
Member for South Bougainville, STEVEN PIRIKA
Member for Central Bougainville, JIMMY MIRINGTORO
Member for North Bougainville, LAUTA ATOI